Different Interaction Modes for Protein-Disulfide Isomerase (PDI) as an Efficient Regulator and a Specific Substrate of Endoplasmic Reticulum Oxidoreductin-1{alpha} (Ero1{alpha}) [Cell Biology]

September 25th, 2014 by Zhang, L., Niu, Y., Zhu, L., Fang, J., Wang, X., Wang, L., Wang, C.-c.

Protein-disulfide isomerase (PDI) and sulfhydryl oxidase endoplasmic reticulum oxidoreductin-1α (Ero1α) constitute the pivotal pathway for oxidative protein folding in the mammalian endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Ero1α oxidizes PDI to introduce disulfides into substrates, and PDI can feedback regulate Ero1α activity. Here, we show the regulatory disulfide of Ero1α responds to the redox fluctuation in ER very sensitively, relying on the availability of redox active PDI. The regulation of Ero1α is rapidly facilitated by either a or a′ catalytic domain of PDI, independent of the substrate binding domain. On the other hand, activated Ero1α specifically binds to PDI via hydrophobic interactions and preferentially catalyzes the oxidation of domain a′. This asymmetry ensures PDI to function simultaneously as an oxidoreductase and an isomerase. In addition, several PDI family members are also characterized to be potent regulators of Ero1α. The novel modes for PDI as a competent regulator and a specific substrate of Ero1α govern efficient and faithful oxidative protein folding and maintain the ER redox homeostasis.
  • Posted in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Publications
  • Comments Off on Different Interaction Modes for Protein-Disulfide Isomerase (PDI) as an Efficient Regulator and a Specific Substrate of Endoplasmic Reticulum Oxidoreductin-1{alpha} (Ero1{alpha}) [Cell Biology]