Binding Affinities among DNA Helicase-Primase, DNA Polymerase and Replication Intermediates in the Replisome of Bacteriophage T7 [Enzymology]

November 30th, 2015 by Zhang, H., Tang, Y., Lee, S.-J., Wei, Z., Cao, J., Richardson, C. C.

The formation of a replication loop on the lagging strand facilitates coordinated synthesis of the leading- and lagging-DNA strands and provides a mechanism for recycling of the lagging-strand DNA polymerase. As an Okazaki fragment is completed the loop is released and a new loop is formed as the synthesis of a new Okazaki fragment is initiated. Loop release requires the dissociation of the complex formed by the interactions among helicase, DNA polymerase and DNA. The completion of the Okazaki fragment may result in either a nick or a single-stranded DNA region. In the replication system of bacteriophage T7 the dissociation of the polymerase from either DNA region is faster than that observed for the dissociation of the helicase from DNA polymerase, implying that the replication loop is released more likely through the dissociation of the lagging-strand DNA from polymerase, retaining the polymerase at replication fork. Both dissociation of DNA polymerase from DNA and that of helicase from a DNA polymerase-DNA complex are much faster at a nick DNA than the release from an ssDNA region. These results suggest that the replication loop is released as a result of the nick formed when the lagging strand DNA polymerase encounters the previously synthesized Okazaki fragment, releasing lagging-strand DNA and retaining DNA polymerase at the replication fork for the synthesis of next Okazaki fragment.
  • Posted in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Publications
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