Structural insight into amino group-carrier protein-mediated lysine biosynthesis: crystal structure of the LysZ-LysW complex from Thermus thermophilus [Microbiology]

November 12th, 2014 by Yoshida, A., Tomita, T., Fujimura, T., Nishiyama, C., Kuzuyama, T., Nishiyama, M.

In the biosynthesis of lysine by Thermus thermophilus, the metabolite α-ketoglutarate is converted to the intermediate α-aminoadipate (AAA), which is protected by the 54 amino acid acidic protein LysW. In the present study, we determined the crystal structure of LysZ from T. thermophilus (TtLysZ), an amino acid kinase that catalyzes the second step in the AAA to lysine conversion, which was in a complex with LysW at a resolution of 1.85 Å. A crystal analysis coupled with isothermal titration calorimetry of the TtLysZ mutants for TtLysW revealed tight interactions between LysZ and the globular and C-terminal extension domains of the LysW protein, which were mainly attributed to electrostatic forces. These results provided structural evidence for LysW acting as a protecting molecule for the α-amino group of AAA and also as a carrier protein to guarantee better recognition by biosynthetic enzymes for the efficient biosynthesis of lysine.
  • Posted in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Publications
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