Phosphorylation of myosin II-interacting guanine nucleotide exchange factor (MyoGEF) at threonine-544 by aurora B kinase promotes the binding of polo-like kinase 1 to MyoGEF [Signal Transduction]

February 5th, 2014 by Wu, D., Asiedu, M. K., Matsumura, F., Wei, Q.

We previously reported that phosphorylation of myosin II-interacting guanine nucleotide exchange factor (MyoGEF) by polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) promotes the localization of MyoGEF to the central spindle and increases MyoGEF activity toward RhoA during mitosis. In this study, we report that aurora B-mediated phosphorylation of MyoGEF at Thr-544 creates a docking site for Plk1, leading to the localization and activation of MyoGEF at the central spindle. In vitro kinase assays show that aurora B can phosphorylate MyoGEF. T544A mutation drastically decreases aurora B-mediated phosphorylation of MyoGEF in vitro and in transfected HeLa cells. Coimmunoprecipitation and in vitro pull-down assays reveal that phosphorylation of MyoGEF at Thr-544 enhances the binding of Plk1 to MyoGEF. Immunofluorescence analysis shows that aurora B colocalizes with MyoGEF at the central spindle and midbody during cytokinesis. Suppression of aurora B activity by an aurora B inhibitor disrupts the localization of MyoGEF to the central spindle. In addition, T544A mutation interferes with the localization of MyoGEF to the cleavage furrow and decreases MyoGEF activity toward RhoA during mitosis. Taken together, our results suggest that aurora B coordinates with Plk1 to regulate MyoGEF activation and localization, thus contributing to the regulation of cytokinesis.
  • Posted in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Publications
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