Proteasomes associated with the Blm10 Activator Protein Antagonize Mitochondrial Fission Through Degradation of the Fission Protein Dnm1 [Protein Synthesis and Degradation]

March 6th, 2014 by Tar, K., Dange, T., Yang, C., Yao, Y., Bulteau, A.-L., Fernandez Salcedo, E., Braigen, S., Bouillaud, F., Finley, D., Schmidt, M.

The conserved Blm10/PA200 activators bind to the proteasome core particle gate and facilitate turnover of peptides and unfolded proteins in vitro. We report here that Blm10 is required for the maintenance of functional mitochondria. BLM10 expression is induced 25-fold upon a switch from fermentation to oxidative metabolism. In the absence of BLM10 Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells exhibit a temperature-sensitive growth defect under oxidative growth conditions and produce colonies with dysfunctional mitochondria at high frequency. Loss of BLM10 leads to reduced respiratory capacity, increased mitochondrial oxidative damage and reduced viability in the presence of oxidative stress or death stimuli. In the absence of BLM10 increased fragmentation of the mitochondrial network under oxidative stress is observed indicative of elevated activity of the mitochondrial fission machinery. The degradation of Dnm1, the main factor mediating mitochondrial fission, is impaired in the absence of BLM10 in vitro and in vivo. These data suggest that the mitochondrial functional and morphological changes observed are related to elevated Dnm1 levels. This hypothesis is supported by the finding that cells that constitutively overexpress DNM1, display the same mitochondrial defects as blm10Δ cells. The data are consistent with a model in which Blm10-proteasome mediated turnover of Dnm1 is required for the maintenance of mitochondrial function and provides cytoprotection under conditions that induce increased mitochondrial damage and programmed cell death.
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WITHDRAWN: Blm10-proteasomes antagonize mitochondrial fission through degradation of Dnm1 [Metabolism]

January 8th, 2014 by Tar, K., Dange, T., Yang, C., Yao, Y., Bulteau, A.-L., Fernandez Salcedo, E., Braigen, S., Bouillaud, F., Finley, D., Schmidt, M.

This manuscript was withdrawn by the author.