Identification of RFPL3 as A Novel E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Modulating The Integration Activity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Preintegration Complex Using A Microtiter Plate-Based Assay [Microbiology]

August 8th, 2014 by Tan, B. H., Suzuki, Y., Takahashi, H., Ying Pamela, H. R., Takahashi, C., Han, Q., Chin, W. X., Chao, S.-H., Sawasaki, T., Yamamoto, N.,

Integration, one of the hallmarks of retrovirus replication, is mediated by a nucleoprotein complex called the preintegration complex (PIC), in which viral DNA is associated with many protein components that are required for completion of the early phase of infection. A striking feature of the PIC is its powerful integration activity in vitro: the PICs from a freshly isolated cytoplasmic extract of infected cells are able to insert viral DNA into exogenously added target DNA in vitro. A PIC-based in vitro assay is therefore a reliable system for assessing protein factors influencing retroviral integration. In this study, we applied a microtiter plate-based in vitro assay to a screening study using a protein library that was produced by the wheat germ cell-free protein synthesis system. Using a library of human E3 ubiquitin ligases, we identified RFPL3 as a potential stimulator of HIV-1 PIC integration activity in vitro. This enhancement of PIC activity by RFPL3 was likely to be attributed to its N-terminal RING domain. To further understand the functional role of RFPL3 in HIV infection, we created a human cell line overexpressing RFPL3. Immunoprecipitation analysis revealed that RFPL3 was associated with the HIV-1 PICs in infected cells. More importantly, single-round HIV-1 infection was significantly enhanced by the RFPL3 expression. Our proteomic approach displays an advantage in the identification of new cellular proteins affecting the integration activity of the PIC and therefore contributes to the understanding of functional interaction between retroviral integration complexes and host factors.
  • Posted in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Publications
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