Tubulin-tyrosine ligase (TTL)-mediated increase in tyrosinated {alpha}-tubulin in inȷured axons is required for retrograde inȷury signaling and axon regeneration [Cell Biology]

April 24th, 2015 by Song, W., Cho, Y., Watt, D., Cavalli, V.

Injured peripheral neurons successfully activate a pro-regenerative program to enable axon regeneration and functional recovery. The microtubule-dependent retrograde transport of injury signals from the lesion site in the axon back to the cell soma stimulates the increased growth capacity of injured neurons. However, the mechanisms initiating this retrograde transport remain poorly understood. Here we show that tubulin-tyrosine ligase (TTL) is required to increase the levels of tyrosinated α-tubulin at the axon injury site and plays an important role in injury signaling. Preventing the injury-induced increase in tyrosinated α-tubulin by knocking down TTL impairs retrograde organelle transport and delays activation of the pro-regenerative transcription factor c-Jun. In the absence of TTL, axon regeneration is severely reduced. We propose a model in which TTL increases the levels of tyrosinated α-tubulin locally at the injury site to facilitate the retrograde transport of injury signals that are required to activate a pro-regenerative program.
  • Posted in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Publications
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