Differential Contributions of the Outer Membrane Receptors PhuR and HasR to Heme Acquisition in Pseudomonas aeruginosa [Microbiology]

January 22nd, 2015 by Smith, A. D., Wilks, A.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 encodes two outer membrane receptors PhuR (Pseudomonas heme uptake) and HasR (heme assimilation system). The HasR and PhuR receptors have distinct heme coordinating ligands and substrate specificities. HasR is encoded in an operon with a secreted hemophore, HasAp. In contrast the non-hemophore dependent PhuR is encoded within an operon along with proteins required for heme translocation into the cytoplasm. Herein we report on the contributions of the HasR and PhuR receptors to heme uptake and utilization. Employing bacterial genetics and isotopic 13C-heme labeling studies we have shown both PhuR and HasR are required for optimal heme utilization. However, the unique His-Tyr ligated PhuR plays a major role in the acquisition of heme. In contrast the HasR receptor plays a primary role in the sensing of extracellular heme and a supplementary role in heme uptake. We propose PhuR and HasR represent non-redundant heme receptors, capable of accessing heme across a wide range of physiological conditions on colonization of the host.