Mitochondrial MTHFD2L is a Dual Redox Cofactor Specific Methylenetetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase/Methenyltetrahydrofolate Cyclohydrolase Expressed in Both Adult and Embryonic Tissues [Metabolism]

April 14th, 2014 by Shin, M., Bryant, J. D., Momb, J., Appling, D. R.

Mammalian mitochondria are able to produce formate from one-carbon donors such as serine, glycine and sarcosine. This pathway relies on the mitochondrial pool of tetrahydrofolate (THF) and several folate-interconverting enzymes in the mitochondrial matrix. We recently identified MTHFD2L as the enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of 5,10-methylene-tetrahydrofolate (CH2-THF) in adult mammalian mitochondria. We show here that the MTHFD2L enzyme is bifunctional, possessing both CH2-THF dehydrogenase and 5,10-methenyl-THF cyclohydrolase activities. The dehydrogenase activity can use either NAD+ or NADP+, but requires both phosphate and Mg2+ when using NAD+. The NADP+-dependent dehydrogenase activity is inhibited by inorganic phosphate. MTHFD2L uses the mono- and polyglutamylated forms of CH2-THF with similar catalytic efficiencies. Expression of the MTHFD2L transcript is low in early mouse embryos, but begins to increase at embryonic day 10.5, and remains elevated through birth. In adults, MTHFD2L is expressed in all tissues examined, with highest levels observed in brain and lung.
  • Posted in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Publications
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