The nucleolar protein Myb-binding protein 1A (MYBBP1A) enhances p53 tetramerization and acetylation in response to nucleolar disruption [Gene Regulation]

December 27th, 2013 by Ono, W., Hayashi, Y., Yokoyama, W., Kuroda, T., Kishimoto, H., Ito, I., Kimura, K., Akaogi, K., Waku, T., Yanagisawa, J.

Tetramerization of p53 is crucial to exert its biological activity, and nucleolar disruption is sufficient to activate p53. We previously demonstrated that nucleolar stress induces translocation of the nucleolar protein MYBBP1A from the nucleolus to the nucleoplasm and enhances p53 activity. However, whether and how MYBBP1A regulates p53 tetramerization in response to nucleolar stress remain unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that MYBBP1A enhances p53 tetramerization, followed by acetylation under nucleolar stress. We found that MYBBP1A has two regions that directly bind to lysine residues of the p53 C-terminal regulatory domain. MYBBP1A formed a self-assembled complex that provided a molecular platform for p53 tetramerization and enhanced p300-mediated acetylation of the p53 tetramer. Moreover, our results show that MYBBP1A functions to enhance p53 tetramerization that is necessary for p53 activation, followed by cell death with actinomycin D treatment. Thus, we suggest that MYBBP1A plays a pivotal role in the cellular stress response.
  • Posted in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Publications
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