The ADP-ribosyltransferase PARP10/ARTD10 interacts with Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) and is required for DNA damage tolerance [DNA and Chromosomes]

April 7th, 2014 by Nicolae, C. M., Aho, E. R., Vlahos, A. H. S., Choe, K. N., De, S., Karras, G. I., Moldovan, G.-L.

All cells rely on genomic stability mechanisms to protect against DNA alterations. PCNA is a master regulator of DNA replication and S-phase coupled repair. PCNA post- translational modifications by ubiquitination and SUMOylation dictate how cells stabilize and re-start replication forks stalled at sites of damaged DNA. PCNA mono-ubiquitination recruits low fidelity DNA polymerases to promote error prone replication across DNA lesions. Here, we identify the mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase PARP10/ARTD10 as a novel PCNA binding partner. PARP10 knockdown results in genomic instability and DNA damage hypersensitivity. Importantly, we show that PARP10 binding to PCNA is required for translesion DNA synthesis. Our work identifies a novel PCNA-linked mechanism for genome protection, centered on post-translational modification by mono-ADP-ribosylation.
  • Posted in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Publications
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