Identification of a Membrane Targeting Domain of the Transient Receptor Potential Canonical (TRPC)4 Channel Unrelated to Its Formation of a Tetrameric Structure [Cell Biology]

October 27th, 2014 by Myeong, J., Kwak, M., Hong, C., Jeon, J.-H., So, I.

Canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) channels are Ca2+-permeable nonselective cation channels that are activated by a wide variety of stimuli, including G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). The TRPC4 channel is expressed in a punctate distribution in the membrane. To identify the regulating region of the channel trafficking to the membrane, we generated deletion mutants of the TRPC4 channel. We determined that when either region that was downstream of the 20 amino acids of the N terminus or the 700-730 amino acids was deleted, the mutants were retained in the endoplasmic reticulum. By coexpression of the wild type TRPC4 with deletion mutants, we found that the 23-29 amino acids of the N terminus regulate a membrane trafficking. Additionally, by the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) method, we found that the regions downstream of the 99 amino acid region of the N terminus and upstream of the 730 amino acid region in the C terminus produce assembly of the TRPC4 tetramers. We inferred the candidate proteins that regulate or interact with the 23-29 domain of TRPC4.
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