Modulation of Mannose- and Asialoglycoprotein-receptor expression determines glycoprotein hormone half-life at critical points in the reproductive cycle [Glycobiology and Extracellular Matrices]

March 11th, 2014 by Mi, Y., Lin, A., Fiete, D., Steirer, L., Baenziger, J. U.

The rate at which glycoproteins are cleared from the circulation has a critical impact on their biologic activity in vivo. We have shown that clearance rates for glycoproteins such as luteinizing hormone (LH) that undergo regulated release into the circulation determines their potency. Two highly abundant, carbohydrate-specific, endocytic receptors, the Asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGR) and the Mannose receptor (ManR) are expressed in the liver by parenchymal and sinusoidal endothelial cells, respectively. We demonstrate that the Man-R mediates the clearance of glycoproteins such as LH that bear N-linked glycans terminating with β1,4-linked GalNAc-4-SO4, as well as glycoproteins bearing glycans that terminate with Man. Steady state levels of mRNA encoding the ASGR and the ManR are regulated by progesterone in pregnant mice, reaching maximal levels on day 12.5 of pregnancy. Protein expression and glycan-specific binding activity also increase in the livers of pregnant mice. In contrast, ManR mRNA, but not ASGR mRNA, decreases in male mice at the time of sexual maturation. We show that levels of ManR and ASGR expression control the clearance rate for glycoproteins bearing recognized glycans. Thus reduced expression of the ManR at the time of sexual maturation will increase the potency of LH in vivo, whereas increased expression during pregnancy will reduce LH potency until progesterone and receptor levels fall prior to parturition.
  • Posted in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Publications
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