The role of collagen charge clusters in the modulation of matrix metalloproteinase activity [Glycobiology and Extracellular Matrices]

December 2nd, 2013 by Lauer, J. L., Bhowmick, M., Tokmina-Roszyk, D., Lin, Y., Van Doren, S. R., Fields, G. B.

Members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family selectively cleave collagens in vivo. Several substrate structural features that direct MMP collagenolysis have been identified. The present study has evaluated the role of charged residue clusters on the regulation of MMP collagenolysis. A series of 10 triple-helical peptide (THP) substrates were constructed in which either Lys-Gly-Asp or Gly-Asp-Lys motifs replaced Gly-Pro-Hyp repeats. The stabilities of THPs containing the two different motifs were analyzed, and kinetic parameters for substrate hydrolysis by 6 MMPs determined. A general trend for virtually all enzymes was that, as Gly-Asp-Lys motifs were moved from the extreme N- and C-termini to the interior next to the cleavage site sequence, kcat/KM values increased. Additionally, all Gly-Asp-Lys THPs were as good or better substrates than the parent THP, in which Gly-Asp-Lys was not present. In turn, the Lys-Gly-Asp THPs were also always better substrates than the parent THP, but the magnitude of the difference was considerably less compared with the Gly-Asp-Lys series. Of the MMPs tested, MMP-2 and MMP-9 most greatly favored the presence of charged residues, with preference for the Gly-Asp-Lys series. Lys-Gly-[Asp/Glu] motifs are more commonly found near potential MMP cleavage sites then Gly-[Asp/Glu]-Lys motifs. As Lys-Gly-Asp is not as favored by MMPs as Gly-Asp-Lys, the Lys-Gly-Asp motif appears advantageous over the Gly-Asp-Lys motif by preventing unwanted MMP hydrolysis. More specifically, the lack of Gly-Asp-Lys clusters may diminish potential MMP-2 and MMP-9 collagenolytic activity. The present study indicates that MMPs have interactions spanning the P23-P23′ subsites of collagenous substrates.