Manipulation of Cardiac PI3K/Akt Signaling by Apoptosis regulator through modulating IAP expression (ARIA) Regulates Cardiomyocyte Death during the Doxorubicin-induced Cardiomyopathy [Signal Transduction]

December 13th, 2013 by Kitamura, Y., Koide, M., Akakabe, Y., Matsuo, K., Shimoda, Y., Soma, Y., Ogata, T., Ueyama, T., Matoba, S., Yamada, H., Ikeda, K.

PI3K/Akt signaling plays an important role in the regulation of cardiomyocyte death machinery, which can cause stress-induced cardiac dysfunction. Here, we report that apoptosis regulator through modulating IAP expression (ARIA), a recently identified transmembrane protein, regulates the cardiac PI3K/Akt signaling, and thus modifies the progression of doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiomyopathy. ARIA is highly expressed in the mouse heart relative to other tissues, and it is also expressed in isolated rat cardiomyocytes. The stable expression of ARIA in H9c2 cardiac muscle cells increased the levels of membrane-associated PTEN, and subsequently reduced the PI3K/Akt signaling and the downstream phosphorylation of Bad, a proapoptotic BH3-only protein. When challenged with DOX, ARIA-expressing H9c2 cells exhibited enhanced apoptosis, which was reversed by the siRNA-mediated silencing of Bad. ARIA-deficient mice exhibited normal heart morphology and function. However, DOX-induced cardiac dysfunction was significantly ameliorated in conjunction with reduced cardiomyocyte death and cardiac fibrosis in ARIA-deficient mice. Phosphorylation of Akt and Bad was substantially enhanced in the heart of ARIA-deficient mice even after treatment with DOX. Moreover, repressing the PI3K by cardiomyocyte-specific expression of dominant-negative PI3K (p110α) abolished the cardioprotective effects of ARIA-deletion. Notably, targeted activation of ARIA in cardiomyocytes but not in endothelial cells reduced the cardiac PI3K/Akt signaling, and exacerbated the DOX-induced cardiac dysfunction. These studies therefore revealed a previously undescribed mode of manipulating cardiac PI3K/Akt signaling by ARIA, and thus identifying ARIA as an attractive new target for the prevention of stress-induced myocardial dysfunction.
  • Posted in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Publications
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