Multiple interactions of the intrinsically disordered region between the helicase and nuclease domains of the archaeal Hef protein [Molecular Biophysics]

June 19th, 2014 by Ishino, S., Yamagami, T., Kitamura, M., Kodera, N., Mori, T., Sugiyama, S., Ando, T., Goda, N., Tenno, T., Hiroaki, H., Ishino, Y.

Hef is an archaeal protein that probably functions in stalled replication fork repair mainly. The presence of an unstructured region was predicted between the two distinct domains of the Hef protein. We analyzed the interdomain region of Thermococcus kodakarensis Hef and demonstrated its disordered structure by CD, NMR, and high-speed atomic force microscopy (AFM). To investigate the functions of this intrinsically disordered region (IDR), we screened for proteins interacting with the IDR of Hef by a yeast two-hybrid method, and ten candidate proteins were obtained. We found that PCNA1 and a RecJ-like protein specifically bind to the IDR in vitro. These results suggested that the Hef protein interacts with several different proteins that work together in the pathways downstream from stalled replication fork repair by converting the IDR structure depending on the partner protein.
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