Alpha1-Adrenergic Receptor Signaling in Osteoblasts Regulates Clock Genes and Bone Morphogenetic Protein-4 Expression through Up-Regulation of the Transcriptional Factor Nfil3/E4BP4 [Signal Transduction]

May 2nd, 2014 by Hirai, T., Tanaka, K., Togari, A.

Several studies have demonstrated that α1-adrenergic receptor (AR) play an important role in regulating cell growth and function in osteoblasts. However, the physiological role of α1-AR signaling in bone metabolism is largely unknown. In the present study, the stimulation of phenylephrine (PHE), a nonspecific α1-AR agonist, increased the transcriptional factor Nfil3/E4BP4 and led to the rhythmic expression of bone morphogenetic proteins-4 (Bmp4) in MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells. We also showed that Bmp4 mRNA expression peaked in bone near ZT8 in a 24-h rhythm. Furthermore, the expression of Nfil3 and Bmp4 displayed a circadian pattern with opposing phases, which suggested that Nfil3 repressed the expression of the Bmp4 gene during a circadian cycle. On a molecular level, both loss-of-function and gain-of-function experiments demonstrated that Nfil3/E4BP4 negatively regulated Bmp4 expression in osteoblasts. Furthermore, the systemic administration of PHE increased the expression of Nfil3 mRNA in bone, whereas it decreased that of Bmp4 mRNA. The expression of Bmp4 mRNA was significantly decreased by exposure to PHE, and this was concomitant with the increase in Nfil3 binding to the D-box-containing Bmp4 promoter region in MC3T3-E1 cells, which indicated that the expression of Nfil3 by α1-AR signaling can directly bind to the Bmp4 promoter and inhibit Bmp4 expression in osteoblasts. Our results suggest that α1-AR signaling regulates clock genes and Bmp4 expression in osteoblasts. Moreover, α1-AR signaling negatively regulated Bmp4 expression by up-regulating the transcriptional factor Nfil3/E4BP4 in osteoblasts.
  • Posted in Journal of Biological Chemistry, Publications
  • Comments Off on Alpha1-Adrenergic Receptor Signaling in Osteoblasts Regulates Clock Genes and Bone Morphogenetic Protein-4 Expression through Up-Regulation of the Transcriptional Factor Nfil3/E4BP4 [Signal Transduction]