Protein kinase A rescues Microtubule affinity-regulating kinase 2-induced microtubule instability and neurite disruption by phosphorylating Serine 409 [Cell Biology]

December 15th, 2014 by Deng, S.-S., Wu, L.-Y., Wang, Y.-C., Cao, P.-R., Xu, L., Li, Q.-R., Liu, M., Zhang, L., Jiang, Y.-J., Yang, X.-Y., Sun, S.-N., Tan, M.-j., Qian, M., Zang, Y., Feng, L., Li, J.

Microtubule affinity-regulating kinase 2 (MARK2)/PAR-1b and protein kinase A (PKA) are both involved in the regulation of microtubule stability and neurite outgrowth, but whether a direct crosstalk exists between them remains unclear. Here, we found the disruption of microtubule and neurite outgrowth induced by MARK2 overexpression was blocked by active PKA. The interaction between PKA and MARK2 was confirmed by coimmunoprecipitation and immunocytochemistry both in vitro and in vivo. PKA was found to inhibit MARK2 kinase activity by phosphorylating a novel site, serine 409. PKA could not reverse the microtubule disruption effect induced by a serine 409 to alanine (Ala) mutant of MARK2 (MARK2 S409A). In contrast, mutation of MARK2 Serine 409 to glutamic acid (Glu) (MARK2 S409E) did not affect microtubule stability and neurite outgrowth. We propose that PKA functions as an upstream inhibitor of MARK2 in regulating microtubule stability and neurite outgrowth by directly interacting and phosphorylating MARK2.
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