Functional coupling of ATP binding cassette transporter Abcb6 to Cytochrome P450 expression and activity in liver [Molecular Bases of Disease]

January 26th, 2015 by Chavan, H., Li, F., Tessman, R., Mickey, K., Dorko, K., Schmitt, T., Kumer, S., Gunewardena, S., Gaikwad, N., Krishnamurthy, P.

Although endogenous mechanisms that negatively regulate Cytochrome P450 (P450) monooxygenases in response to physiological and pathophysiological signals are not well understood it is thought to result from alterations in the level of endogenous metabolites involved in maintaining homeostasis. Here we show that homeostatic changes in hepatic metabolite profile in Abcb6 (mitochondrial ATP binding cassette transporter B6) deficiency results in suppression of a specific subset of hepatic P450 activity. Abcb6-null mice are more susceptible to pentobarbital induced sleep and zoxazolamine induced paralysis secondary to decreased expression and activity of Cyp3a11 and Cyp2b10. The knockout mice also show decrease in both basal and xeno-inducible expression and activity of a subset of hepatic P450s that appear to be related to changes in hepatic metabolite profile. These data, together with the observation that liver extracts from Abcb6 deficient mice suppress P450 expression in human primary hepatocytes, suggests that this mouse model may provide an opportunity to understand the physiological signals and the mechanisms involved in negative regulation of P450s.
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