Channel Formation by Yeast F-ATP Synthase and the Role of Dimerization in the Mitochondrial Permeability Transition [Membrane Biology]

May 1st, 2014 by Carraro, M., Giorgio, V., Šileikyte, J., Sartori, G., Forte, M., Lippe, G., Zoratti, M., Szabo, I., Bernardi, P.

Purified F-ATP synthase dimers of yeast mitochondria display Ca2+-dependent channel activity with properties resembling those of the permeability transition pore (PTP) of mammals. After treatment with the Ca2+ ionophore ETH129, which allows electrophoretic Ca2+ uptake, isolated yeast mitochondria undergo inner membrane permeabilization due to PTP opening. Yeast mutant strains ΔTIM11 and ΔATP20 (lacking the e and g F-ATP synthase subunits, respectively, which are necessary for dimer formation) display a striking resistance to PTP opening. These results show that the yeast PTP originates from F-ATP synthase, and indicate that dimerization is required for pore formation in situ.