Heterologous Regulation of mu-opioid (MOP) Receptor Mobility in the Membrane of SH-SY5Y Cells [Signal Transduction]

September 2nd, 2014 by Carayon, K., Mouledous, L., Combedazou, A., Mazeres, S., Haanappel, E., Salome, L., Mollereau, C.

The dynamic organization of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) in the plasma membrane is suspected to play a role in their function. The regulation of the diffusion mode of the mu-opioid (MOP) receptor was previously shown to be agonist-specific. Here we investigate the regulation of MOP receptor diffusion by heterologous activation of other GPCR and characterize the dynamic properties of the MOP receptor within the heterodimer MOP/Neuropeptide FF (NPFF2) receptor. The data show that the dynamics and signaling of the MOP receptor in SH-SY5Y cells are modified by the activation of α2 adrenergic and NPFF2 receptors, but not by the activation of receptors not described to interact with the opioid receptor. By combining, for the first time, Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching at variable radius (vrFRAP) experiments with Bimolecular Fluorescence Complementation (BiFC) we show that the MOP/NPFF2 heterodimer adopts a specific diffusion behaviour that corresponds to a mix of the dynamic properties of both MOP and NPFF2 receptors. Altogether, the data suggest that heterologous regulation is accompanied by a specific organization of receptors in the membrane.