Defective chemokine signal integration in leukocytes lacking Activator of G protein Signaling 3 (AGS3) [Immunology]

February 26th, 2014 by Branham-O'Connor, M., Robichaux, W. G., Zhang, X.-K., Cho, H., Kehrl, J., Lanier, S. M., Blumer, J. B.

Activator of G protein Signaling 3 (AGS3, gene name G-protein signaling modulator, Gpsm1)1, an accessory protein for G protein signaling, has functional roles in the kidney and CNS. Here we show that AGS3 is expressed in spleen, thymus and bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs), and is upregulated upon leukocyte activation. We explored the role of AGS3 in immune cell function by characterizing chemokine receptor signaling in leukocytes from mice lacking AGS3. No obvious differences in lymphocyte subsets were observed. Interestingly, however, AGS3-null B- and T-lymphocytes and BMDCs exhibited significant chemotactic defects as well as reductions in chemokine-stimulated calcium mobilization and altered Erk and Akt activation. These studies indicate a role for AGS3 in the regulation of G-protein signaling in the immune system, providing unexpected venues for the potential development of therapeutic agents that modulate immune function by targeting these regulatory mechanisms.