Functional Annotation of a Presumed Nitronate Monooxygenase Reveals a New Class of NADH:quinone Reductases [Enzymology]

August 8th, 2016 by Ball, J., Salvi, F., Gadda, G.

The protein PA1024 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 is currently classified as 2-nitropropane dioxygenase, the previous name for nitronate monooxygenase in the GenBankTM and PDB databases, but the enzyme was not kinetically characterized. In this study, PA1024 was purified to high levels and the enzymatic activity was investigated by spectroscopic and polarographic techniques. Purified PA1024 did not exhibit nitronate monooxygenase activity; however, it displayed NADH:quinone reductase and a small NADH:oxidase activity. The enzyme preferred NADH to NADPH as a reducing substrate. PA1024 could reduce a broad spectrum of quinone substrates via a Ping Pong Bi-Bi steady-state kinetic mechanism, generating the corresponding hydroquinones. The reductive half reaction with NADH showed a kred value of 24 s-1 and an apparent Kd value estimated in the low μM range. The enzyme was not able to reduce the azo dye methyl red, routinely used in the kinetic characterization of azoreductases. Finally, we revisited and modified the existing six conserved motifs of PA1024, which define a new class of NADH:quinone reductases and are present in more than 490 hypothetical proteins in the GenBankTM, the vast majority of which are currently misannotated as nitronate monooxygenase.