Posttranslational regulation of the type III inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor by miRNA-506 [RNA]

November 5th, 2014 by Ananthanarayanan, M., Banales, J. M., Guerra, M. T., Spirli, C., Munoz-Garrido, P., Mitchell-Richards, K., Tafur, D., Saez, E., Nathanson, M. H.

The type III isoform of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R3) is apically localized and triggers Ca2+ waves and secretion in a number of polarized epithelia. However, nothing is known about epigenetic regulation of this InsP3R isoform. We investigated miRNA regulation of InsP3R3 in primary bile duct epithelia (cholangiocytes) and in the H69 cholangiocyte cell line, because the role of InsP3R3 in cholangiocyte Ca2+ signaling and secretion is well established and because loss of InsP3R3 from cholangiocytes is responsible for the impairment in bile secretion that occurs in a number of liver diseases. Analysis of the 3&(prime)-UTR of human InsP3R3 mRNA revealed two highly conserved binding sites for miR-506. Transfection of miR-506 mimics into cell lines expressing InsP3R3-3&(prime)UTR-luciferase led to decreased reporter activity, while co-transfection with miR-506 inhibitors led to enhanced activity. Reporter activity was abrogated in isolated mutant proximal or distal miR-506 constructs in miR-506 transfected HEK293 cells. InsP3R3 protein levels were decreased by miR-506 mimics and increased by inhibitors, and InsP3R3expression was markedly decreased in H69 cells stably transfected with miR506 relative to control cells. miR506-H69 cells exhibited a fibrotic signature. In situ hybridization revealed elevated miR506 expression in vivo in human diseased cholangiocytes. Histamine-induced, InsP3-mediated Ca2+ signals were decreased by 50% in stable-miR-506 cells compared to controls. Finally, InsP3R3-mediated fluid secretion was significantly decreased in isolated bile duct units (IBDU) transfected with miR-506, relative to control IBDU. Together, these data identify miR-506 as a regulator of InsP3R3 expression and of InsP3R3-mediated Ca2+ signaling and secretion.