Identification of a Small Molecule Inhibitor of Importin β Mediated Nuclear Import by Confocal On-Bead Screening of Tagged One-Bead One-Compound Libraries
Martin Hintersteiner, Larry Gerace, Manfred Auer and colleagues.
ACS Chem. Biol., 2010, 5 (10), pp 967–979
In eukaryotic cells, proteins and RNAs are transported between the nucleus and the cytoplasm by nuclear import and export receptors. Over the past decade, small molecules that inhibit the nuclear export receptor CRM1 have been identified, most notably leptomycin B. However, up to now no small molecule inhibitors of nuclear import have been described. Here we have used our automated confocal nanoscanning and bead picking method (CONA) for on-bead screening of a one-bead one-compound library to identify the first such import inhibitor, karyostatin 1A. Karyostatin 1A binds importin β with high nanomolar affinity and specifically inhibits importin α/β mediated nuclear import at low micromolar concentrations in vitro and in living cells, without perturbing transportin mediated nuclear import or CRM1 mediated nuclear export. Surface plasmon resonance binding experiments suggest that karyostatin 1A acts by disrupting the interaction between importin β and the GTPase Ran. As a selective inhibitor of the importin α/β import pathway, karyostatin 1A will provide a valuable tool for future studies of nucleocytoplasmic trafficking.